Hockey is a team sport of the hockey family which is played between two teams of eleven players with hockey sticks and a hard, solid plastic ball. At the turn of the 21st century, the game is played globally, with particular popularity throughout Europe, Asia, Oceania, and South America – in addition to being the national sport of both India and Pakistan.

Events at Khel Mahakumbh 2014

Khel Mahakumbh organzies following format for the game. These formats are played from taluka level to District Level.

  • Under 13 Boys
  • Under 13 Girls
  • Under 16 Boys
  • Under 16 Girls
  • Above 16 Men's
  • Above 16 Women's

There is a depiction of a hockey-like game from 200 BC in Ancient Greece when the game may have been called "kerētízein" because it was played with a horn and a ball-like object. In East Asia, a similar game was entertained, using a carved wooden stick and ball prior to 300 BC. In Inner Mongolia, China, the Daur people have been playing Beikou a game with some similarities to field hockey for about 1,000 years.

The modern game grew from English public schools in the early 19th century. The first club was in 1849 at Blackheath in south-east London, but the modern rules grew out of a version played by Middlesex cricket clubs for winter sport. Teddington Hockey Club formed the modern game by introducing the striking circle and changing the ball to a sphere from a rubber cube. The Hockey Association was founded in 1886. The first international match took place in 1895 and the International Rules Board was founded in 1900.

In India, the Beighton Cup and the Aga Khan tournament commenced within ten years. Entering the Olympics in 1928, India won all five games without conceding a goal and won from 1932 until 1956 and then in 1964 and 1980.

The state of Gujarat has been active in Hockey through its Gujarat Premier Hockey League held at Rajkot every year. Gujarat State Hockey Association maintains control of the game throughout the state.

The league is also active with sports spirit and love, which is not only based on competition but also to enjoy the game. Descendants of Pratapasinharao Gaekwad have been promoting the game of Hockey through funding and organization of state level matches.

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